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Mei Xinyu of the Ministry of Commerce: Chinese enterprises' overseas infrastructure is struggling

Mei Xinyu of the Ministry of Commerce: Chinese enterprises' overseas infrastructure is struggling

China Construction machinery information

Guide: the lagging development of infrastructure and its constraints on the economic and social development of many developing countries and regions have been obvious to all, even emerging market economies such as BRICs countries are no exception. From July 30 to August, unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-U) pipes for water supply gb/t 10002.1 ⑴ the unprecedented continuous power failure on 9961 fully highlights the severity of India's infrastructure shortcomings

the lagging development of infrastructure and its constraints on the economic and social development of many developing countries and regions have been obvious to all, even emerging market economies such as the "BRICs" are no exception. The unprecedented continuous power outage from July 30 to August 1 fully highlights how serious India's infrastructure weakness is. Brazil, the world's sixth largest economy (2011), is the same. According to the competitiveness ranking of the world bank in 2012, Brazil's infrastructure ranks only 104th among the 142 surveyed countries, and the degree of infrastructure backwardness is beyond imagination. For example, 90% of the national railways were built at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, and the maximum speed of trains is only 40 kilometers per hour

the lagging infrastructure has hindered the economic and social development of developing countries and regions in many aspects, such as efficiency, regional development balance, income distribution and so on. Breaking through the bottleneck of infrastructure is a long-term and common aspiration of many emerging market economies. Since the second half of last year, under the background of severe economic shocks and rapid stalling of economic growth rate in emerging market economies, large-scale infrastructure investment is more regarded as a powerful tool to start effective demand

however, today's emerging market economies face many difficulties in coping with the economic downturn through infrastructure investment

first of all, the infrastructure and cutting-edge science and technology development plans of many emerging market economies are unrealistic. The planned allocation of resources is too small, and the implementation time. This product is the partner of the supply chain cooperation of the project - the Mauser packaging solution is too short to implement. Brazil's R $133 billion transportation infrastructure investment plan is exciting, but according to the construction experience of China, Europe, Japan and other countries, it is a little incredible to build 10000 kilometers of Railways (including Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo high-speed railway) and 7500 kilometers of highways with this planned investment of about 400 billion yuan alone, unless its railway and highway franchise sale plan can be realized

secondly, weak financial capacity leads to insufficient financial resources for infrastructure construction, and private land ownership leads to frequent and difficult land acquisition disputes, which also hinder the plan from moving from paper to reality. In 2007, the Lula government announced to invest 1.2 billion reais to build roads, which are scheduled to be completed in early 2013; However, until February 2012, only R $100million was actually paid in. Five of the eight projects previously proposed had not been started until August 2012

third, the lack of matching industries often makes it difficult for emerging market infrastructure to realize its full potential. In recent years, the construction scale of thermal power plants in India is so large that it has become a good market for Chinese power equipment manufacturers to compete. However, the insufficient supply of coal and other fuels has led to a large number of idle thermal power plants. From 2011 to 2012, the output of Indian coal company increased by only 4.5 million tons year-on-year. Coal Corporation of India estimates that in order to meet the requirements of 2012-2013 fiscal year to avoid the impact of secondary pollutants on the atmospheric environment, the fuel is traditionally to meet the needs of the metal materials industry, and the output needs to be increased by 64 million tons, which is an unattainable goal

unreasonable pricing mechanism makes it more difficult for infrastructure operations in emerging markets to sustain and achieve rolling development. The Indian power sector suffers from low electricity prices, and Nigerian natural gas enterprises are unwilling to supply gas to domestic power plants. One of the important reasons is that the export price is much higher than the domestic price. Unless the price is reasonable, the idea of selling the franchise rights of 9 roads and 12 railways in Brazil cannot be realized

what's more fatal is that poor management and maintenance often make these infrastructures decay quickly, so that they can't be used, especially for infrastructure such as railway, which requires high system management ability

many emerging market economies are important economic and trade partners of China, accounting for the majority of China's foreign trade and overseas direct investment. In 2011, the share of emerging markets in China's total imports and exports, exports and imports has reached 56.9%, 52.3% and 61.4% respectively. However, Chinese enterprises in other emerging market economies, whether trade or direct investment, need to fully consider the constraints of their infrastructure, so as to avoid being locked up due to poor consideration. On the other hand, although in theory, the infrastructure of emerging markets is weak, and the government hopes to improve the infrastructure rapidly, which has created various business opportunities for Chinese enterprises, Chinese enterprises must take into account the risks of the host country in terms of payment capacity and market access when participating in its infrastructure construction, and make corresponding arrangements

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